Nepenthes hispida belongs to the lowland species from Sarawak, Borneo with an altitudinal range of 100-800 m.a.s.l.. The epithet "hispida" means shaggy or bristly and refers to the bristly stems and leaves of the species. There is a relationship to Nepenthes hirsuta and the species status is in doubt. The cup-shaped pitchers are green and may show a faint mottled pattern, the narrow peristome is reddish or green, and the pitcher inner rivets are usually contrastingly mottled red.
Nepenthes mapuluensis, one of the most exciting re-introductions of recent years.Nepenthes mapuluensis, very similar to N. northiana, is restricted to limestone rock habitats of Ilas Mapulu at about 800 m.a.s.l., but has also been found much lower.The pitchers of N. mapuluensis remind very much of the closely related N. northiana, but are much darker and more contrasting. The clones offered here are all characterized by very fast growth and robust plants. Under suitable lowland conditions not a sensitive plant.
A mostly underestimated, highly variable species that covers a wide distribution in nature. From black to white pitchers, virtually all intermediate forms are represented. The lower pitchers are cup-shaped with a round peristome showing characteristic teeth under the pitcher lid. The wings are broad and toothed. The upper pitchers are very funnel-shaped and, like N. sumatrana, show a characteristic elevation in the peristome. This form of Nepenthes rafflesiana has very pale, almost white, sparsely spotted pitchers with a reddish peristome.Extremely interesting species for any lowland setup.
A lowland variant from Sungai Samba (Samba River). This variant grows optimally in lowland conditions and also gains speed there. Even low light conditions do not bother it much.This variant shows a typical natural form of the variable N. veitchii with elongated body, broader peristome. What is striking, however, are the intense pink wing bars on this form. A unique colour combination with the otherwise green-yellowish pitcher!
This carnivorous plant is probably one of the most spectacular and best-known pitcher plants.With nectar glands on its peristome and the two teeth, the plant lures its victims. The two prominent teeth give the plant it's name (Latin: bi = "two" - calcaratus = "spur").The green, orange or red lower pitchers are big-bellied and upper pitchers become egg-shaped. Also eye-catching are the long leaves which can reach a length of 90cm.Nepenthes bicalcarata is often found together with N. ampullaria on acidic or sandy soils.Nepenthes bicalcarata was first described 1873 by Joseph D. Hooker and is only found in the lowlands of Borneo.Nepenthes bicalcarata lives in symbiosis with ants (Camponotus schmitzi). The close associaton with ants was already noted by Burbidge in 1880. This symbiosis is unique among all carnivorous plants making it the only Ant Plant among all carnivorous plants that is known so far. The ants live in the hollow and swollen tendrils and feef from the pray that's caught by N. bicalcarata. Camponotus schmitzii is completely dependent on it's host for both food and domatia offered them and cannot survive without N. bicalcarata. It's able to swim and dive to salvage dead insects from the digestive pitcher fluid. It's not harmed by the digestion enzymes and can climb the inner pitcher surface and peristome. Both surfaces are too slippery for most other insects. While Nepenthes bicalcarata can also survive without ants, Camponotus schmitzii pay their rent by protecting the plants from herbivores and pests and preventing an over accumulation of pray in the pitchers. Easy to grow under hot climate.
Nepenthes campanulata produces only one type of bell-shaped, yellow green pitchers with a strong reduced peristome and only very tiny teeth. The name was chosen in reference to it's unique bell shaped pitchers (Latin: campanulatus"= "bell shaped")The pitchers can reach a height of 10cm and 5cm in diameter. The trunk forms many, short stolons which are growing litophytically (on rocks).Nepenthes campanulata was first collectet 1957 by A. Kosterman at a cliff-face of Ilas Bungaan (="Flower Rock" because of it's huge colorful population of Nepenthes campanulata plants that covered a hugearea of the cliff) in the east of Borneo.It was considered extinct until a few years ago plants that might represent a new and distant pupulation were found in the Mulu area. All plants in cultivation originate from the Mulu population since no living material ever was collected from Ilas Bungaan before the original population was wiped out.The habitat is on mossy cliffs and damp limestone substrates. This pitcher plant is still rare in collections but very easy to grow. It resembles Nepenthes inermis a bit as it also lacks a well developed peristome.
Nepenthes clipeata is notable for the big-bellied pitchers with a long funnel – similar to a wasp waist - and the roundish hairy peltate leaves to which the name is refering (Latin: clipeus = "round-shield").This extaordinary species only producs one type of pitchers that can reach a maximum height of 30cm. Nepenthes clipeata does not vine. The shoots stay relatively short and reach a length of two meters. Nepenthes clipeata was first collectet 1894 by J. G. Hallier and is only to be found on the vertical granite cliff of Mount Kelam in Kalimantan.Probably the most endangered nepenthes with an extreme small wild population by now Nepenthes clipeata is almost extinct in the wild. So plants in cultivation should be grown with great care as they might soon be the only survivors of this unique species! This carnivorous plant is one of the most spectacular and desired species growing in lowland areas of Borneo.
A typical, large lowland species of the genus. "macro-" stands for the size of this species, "vulgaris" for "common", as the authors found no distinct characteristics in this species.Still a very rare species in cultivation, as it is not particularly easy.It occurs in ultramafic habitats at 300-1200 m.a.s.l. in Borneo. The pitchers can grow up to 25 cm in size and are usually green, brown or spotted. There is a close phylogenetic relationship to N. hispida and N. hirsuta.
An impressive lowland species, with unique, large pitchers. The striped, raised and flared peristome is an absolute eye-catcher. The species is only found in Kuching, Sarawak and inhabits the limestone cliffs there.Nepenthes northiana grows litophytic in nature and therefore prefers mineral, airy substrates. However, an increased lime content in the substrate does not seem to be necessary for successful cultivation. As long as the conditions remain constant and appropriate lowland conditions are provided, the species is absolutely a joy to keep . Large specimens are however rare in culture.
Great N. rafflesiana form with very stocky, contrasting pitchers and a winged tendril. Due to the extreme variability of this lowland species, all kinds of shapes and colors are represented. However, this form combines some favored features such as the bulbous, rounded pitchers, the contrasting dark coloration, and the wings that run along the tendril.Nepenthes rafflesiana goes only relatively late into the real high shoot, but shows there incredible pitchers with strong funnel shape and raised peristome, like in N. sumatrana.Awesome species for any lowland setup. The species is adaptable.
The legendary Nepenthes rafflesiana var. alata. One of the most impressive and beautiful Nepenthes.The lower pitchers of this variety have extremely wide, pronounced frills along the tendril and this N. rafflesiana form grows very large. The lower pitchers are bulbous, very contrasting and like a typical N. rafflesiana in shape. The high pitchers are much lighter, with a striped, raised peristome and around 40 cm high! N. rafflesiana hardly gets any taller. An old clone known as "Mizuho" that is represented in various botanical gardens. Large rooted cuttings available.
Prolific pitcher plant species from Silam, Borneo. Nepenthes reinwardtiana has a wide distribution areawise, as well as in elevation. It occurs in Borneo and West Sumatra and grows at altitudes of 0-2200 m.a.s.l.! One of the largest altitudinal distributions of the genus.This shows how adaptable this species is, which also allows it to adapt to many conditions in cultivation.Intensely red in colour is this form from Silam. The mint-green-white interior contrasts well with it. The typical for the species "eye"-spots in the inside of the pitcher are also well visible.